The Battle of Little Bighorn
The Battle of Little Bighorn is one of the most known battles of all of the Indian Wars. The main scene of the Battle of Little Bighorn occurred near the Little Bighorn River. This area is located in what is now eastern Montana.
The Battle of Little Bighorn is the historical name for the battle; however, it is also sometimes referred to as Custerís Last Stand. The name Custerís Last Stand was developed because the troops that were led by General George Custer were killed with no one reportedly left standing.
The Battle of Little Bighorn occurred because of conflict between the Army and the Native Americans. It was reported that hundreds of Native Americans were associating themselves with Crazy Horse and Sitting Bull. Crazy Horse and Sitting Bull were known to the United States Army as hostiles. While the threat of hostile action was an influence, it should also be noted that the Federal government was interested in the land controlled by the Native Americans.
The attack on the Native Americans in the area of the Little Bighorn River was supposed to come in stages. In addition to George Custer, his brother, Thomas Custer, Major Marcus Reno, Thomas McDougall, and Caption Fredrick Benteen were all leading a group of officers and men. The goal was to have three commanders and their groups attack the Indians and then hold everyone in place until the other commanders where able to offer assistance.
The first detachment to attack was the one that was headed by Major Marcus Reno. They received orders from Custer; however, they were surprised with what they saw upon entering the region. The Native Americans where not backing down; in fact, they were preparing for a fight. After retreating the detachment was later attacked by the Cheyennes. After a large number of causalities the group was able to regroup themselves for the time being.
General George Custer and his Army troops proceeded to meet up with the other detachments; however, they were soon met with attacks. They attempted to make a last stand; however, they were greatly outnumbered. It has been reported that within three hours General George Custer and all of his troops were killed. It has also been reported that in addition to being outnumbered, Custerís troopers were not properly trained. Many of them were inexperienced in combat and did not have the proper level of care. It was estimated that his troops may had gone multiple days without sleep and proper food consumption.
To this day, the exact number of casualties is unknown. The site of the Battle of Little Bighorn has been preserved as a national cemetery. It now serves as a memorial for all service men and Native American warriors who were causalities of the Battle of Little Bighorn.